Breeding Pompom Goldfish: A Comprehensive Guide


Breeding pompom goldfish can be a rewarding and fascinating endeavor for fish enthusiasts. These unique and captivating creatures are known for their distinct pompom-like growths on their heads, which adds to their charm and beauty. In this guide, we will explore the necessary steps and considerations for successfully breeding pompom goldfish.

Setting Up the Breeding Tank

Creating the ideal environment for breeding pompom goldfish is crucial for their successful reproduction. Here are some key factors to consider:

  • Tank Size: A spacious tank with a minimum capacity of 30 gallons is recommended to provide ample space for the fish to swim and breed comfortably.
  • Water Quality: Maintaining excellent water quality is essential. Regular water changes, filtration, and monitoring of ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate levels are vital for the health and well-being of the fish.
  • Temperature and Lighting: Pompom goldfish thrive in water temperatures between 68-74°F (20-23°C). Provide appropriate lighting to simulate their natural environment.
  • Plants and Hiding Spots: Live or artificial plants, as well as caves or structures, should be placed in the tank to provide hiding spots and encourage natural behaviors.

Choosing Healthy Breeding Stock

Selecting healthy and compatible breeding stock is crucial for successful breeding. Look for the following qualities when choosing your pompom goldfish:

  • Physical Appearance: Opt for fish with well-developed pompoms that are symmetrical and free from any signs of damage or disease.
  • Behavior: Choose fish that exhibit active and healthy behavior, swimming actively and interacting with their environment.
  • Gender Identification: Pompom goldfish have no external differences between males and females. Observe their behavior during spawning season for clues, such as chasing or nudging.

Creating the Right Conditions for Breeding

Once you have selected your breeding stock, it’s essential to create the right conditions to encourage breeding behavior. Follow these steps:

  • Conditioning: Separate male and female fish for a few weeks and provide them with a high-quality diet consisting of live or frozen foods to enhance their overall health and reproductive capabilities.
  • Introducing the Pair: Place the male and female fish together in the breeding tank. Monitor their behavior closely, as males may become aggressive during the courtship process.
  • Spawning Behavior: Pompom goldfish typically engage in a courtship ritual before spawning. The male will chase the female, nudging her to release eggs, while he simultaneously releases milt to fertilize them.
  • Egg Collection: Once spawning has occurred, it is recommended to remove the eggs from the breeding tank to a separate tank with gentle filtration and proper aeration. This prevents the adults from consuming the eggs.

Raising Pompom Fry

Raising the fry requires careful attention to their specific needs:

  • Feeding: Initially, the fry will feed on their yolk sacs. Once they have absorbed it, start feeding them with commercially available fry food or crushed flakes.
  • Tank Conditions: Maintain excellent water quality and provide appropriate filtration to ensure the fry’s health and growth. Gradually increase the tank size as they grow.
  • Growth and Development: Pompom fry will develop their characteristic pompoms as they mature. It may take several months for the pompoms to fully develop.


Breeding pompom goldfish requires careful planning, attention to detail, and patience. By providing the right conditions and selecting healthy breeding stock, you can enjoy the beauty and wonder of these unique fish. Remember to always prioritize the well-being and health of your fish throughout the breeding process. Happy breeding!