The Reality of Extreme Poverty: The Poorest Person in the World

The Global Crisis of Extreme Poverty

Extreme poverty is a harsh reality faced by millions of people around the world. While poverty exists in varying degrees, there is one question that often arises: who is the poorest person in the world? Identifying a single individual as the absolute poorest is challenging, as poverty is a complex issue with multifaceted causes and effects. However, we can explore the concept of extreme poverty and shed light on the challenges faced by those living in the most dire circumstances.

Defining Extreme Poverty

Extreme poverty is typically measured by the international poverty line, which is currently set at $1.90 per day. This means that individuals living below this threshold struggle to meet their basic needs, including access to food, clean water, healthcare, education, and shelter. While this definition provides a quantitative measure, it fails to capture the full extent of the hardships endured by those living in extreme poverty.

The Faces of Extreme Poverty

Extreme poverty affects individuals from diverse backgrounds and in various regions of the world. In sub-Saharan Africa, for example, a significant portion of the population lives in extreme poverty. However, poverty is not limited to this region alone; it is a global issue that demands our attention and action.

Meet Sarah, a fictional character who represents the countless individuals living in extreme poverty. Sarah is a young woman living in a rural village with limited access to resources and opportunities. Her daily life revolves around the struggle to survive, as she lacks access to clean water, nutritious food, and proper healthcare. Sarah’s story is not unique; it reflects the experiences of many individuals living in extreme poverty.

The Causes and Consequences of Extreme Poverty

Extreme poverty is not an isolated phenomenon but rather a result of interconnected factors. These include limited access to education, political instability, inadequate healthcare systems, gender inequality, and environmental challenges. The consequences of extreme poverty are far-reaching and affect not only individuals but also communities and entire nations.

One of the most significant consequences of extreme poverty is the perpetuation of a cycle of poverty from one generation to the next. Limited access to education and healthcare hinders individuals’ ability to escape poverty, creating a cycle that is difficult to break. This cycle further deepens the disparities between the rich and the poor, exacerbating social and economic inequalities.

Addressing Extreme Poverty

While the task of eradicating extreme poverty may seem daunting, progress has been made over the years. International organizations, governments, and non-profit organizations are working tirelessly to address the root causes of poverty and improve the lives of those affected.

Efforts to combat extreme poverty include initiatives such as providing access to quality education, improving healthcare systems, promoting sustainable development, and empowering marginalized communities. By addressing the underlying causes of poverty, we can create a more equitable and just society for all.


While it is difficult to pinpoint the exact identity of the poorest person in the world, it is crucial to understand the realities of extreme poverty and the challenges faced by those living in such conditions. By raising awareness, supporting initiatives, and advocating for change, we can contribute to the global fight against poverty and work towards a more inclusive and prosperous world for everyone.